MD5加密算法

C++实现:

#include<iostream>
#include<string>
using namespace std;
#define shift(x, n) (((x) << (n)) | ((x) >> (32-(n))))//右移的时候,高位一定要补零,而不是补充符号位
#define F(x, y, z) (((x) & (y)) | ((~x) & (z)))    
#define G(x, y, z) (((x) & (z)) | ((y) & (~z)))
#define H(x, y, z) ((x) ^ (y) ^ (z))
#define I(x, y, z) ((y) ^ ((x) | (~z)))
#define A 0x67452301
#define B 0xefcdab89
#define C 0x98badcfe
#define D 0x10325476
//strBaye的长度
unsigned int strlength;
//A,B,C,D的临时变量
unsigned int atemp;
unsigned int btemp;
unsigned int ctemp;
unsigned int dtemp;
//常量ti unsigned int(abs(sin(i+1))*(2pow32))
const unsigned int k[]={
        0xd76aa478,0xe8c7b756,0x242070db,0xc1bdceee,
        0xf57c0faf,0x4787c62a,0xa8304613,0xfd469501,0x698098d8,
        0x8b44f7af,0xffff5bb1,0x895cd7be,0x6b901122,0xfd987193,
        0xa679438e,0x49b40821,0xf61e2562,0xc040b340,0x265e5a51,
        0xe9b6c7aa,0xd62f105d,0x02441453,0xd8a1e681,0xe7d3fbc8,
        0x21e1cde6,0xc33707d6,0xf4d50d87,0x455a14ed,0xa9e3e905,
        0xfcefa3f8,0x676f02d9,0x8d2a4c8a,0xfffa3942,0x8771f681,
        0x6d9d6122,0xfde5380c,0xa4beea44,0x4bdecfa9,0xf6bb4b60,
        0xbebfbc70,0x289b7ec6,0xeaa127fa,0xd4ef3085,0x04881d05,
        0xd9d4d039,0xe6db99e5,0x1fa27cf8,0xc4ac5665,0xf4292244,
        0x432aff97,0xab9423a7,0xfc93a039,0x655b59c3,0x8f0ccc92,
        0xffeff47d,0x85845dd1,0x6fa87e4f,0xfe2ce6e0,0xa3014314,
        0x4e0811a1,0xf7537e82,0xbd3af235,0x2ad7d2bb,0xeb86d391};
//向左位移数
const unsigned int s[]={7,12,17,22,7,12,17,22,7,12,17,22,7,
        12,17,22,5,9,14,20,5,9,14,20,5,9,14,20,5,9,14,20,
        4,11,16,23,4,11,16,23,4,11,16,23,4,11,16,23,6,10,
        15,21,6,10,15,21,6,10,15,21,6,10,15,21};
const char str16[]="0123456789abcdef";
void mainLoop(unsigned int M[])
{
    unsigned int f,g;
    unsigned int a=atemp;
    unsigned int b=btemp;
    unsigned int c=ctemp;
    unsigned int d=dtemp;
    for (unsigned int i = 0; i < 64; i++)
    {
        if(i<16){
            f=F(b,c,d);
            g=i;
        }else if (i<32)
        {
            f=G(b,c,d);
            g=(5*i+1)%16;
        }else if(i<48){
            f=H(b,c,d);
            g=(3*i+5)%16;
        }else{
            f=I(b,c,d);
            g=(7*i)%16;
        }
        unsigned int tmp=d;
        d=c;
        c=b;
        b=b+shift((a+f+k[i]+M[g]),s[i]);
        a=tmp;
    }
    atemp=a+atemp;
    btemp=b+btemp;
    ctemp=c+ctemp;
    dtemp=d+dtemp;
}
/*
*填充函数
*处理后应满足bits≡448(mod512),字节就是bytes≡56(mode64)
*填充方式为先加一个1,其它位补零
*最后加上64位的原来长度
*/
unsigned int* add(string str)
{
    unsigned int num=((str.length()+8)/64)+1;//以512位,64个字节为一组
    unsigned int *strByte=new unsigned int[num*16];    //64/4=16,所以有16个整数
    strlength=num*16;
    for (unsigned int i = 0; i < num*16; i++)
        strByte[i]=0;
    for (unsigned int i=0; i <str.length(); i++)
    {
        strByte[i>>2]|=(str[i])<<((i%4)*8);//一个整数存储四个字节,i>>2表示i/4 一个unsigned int对应4个字节,保存4个字符信息
    }
    strByte[str.length()>>2]|=0x80<<(((str.length()%4))*8);//尾部添加1 一个unsigned int保存4个字符信息,所以用128左移
    /*
    *添加原长度,长度指位的长度,所以要乘8,然后是小端序,所以放在倒数第二个,这里长度只用了32位
    */
    strByte[num*16-2]=str.length()*8;
    return strByte;
}
string changeHex(int a)
{
    int b;
    string str1;
    string str="";
    for(int i=0;i<4;i++)
    {
        str1="";
        b=((a>>i*8)%(1<<8))&0xff;   //逆序处理每个字节
        for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
        {
            str1.insert(0,1,str16[b%16]);
            b=b/16;
        }
        str+=str1;
    }
    return str;
}
string getMD5(string source)
{
    atemp=A;    //初始化
    btemp=B;
    ctemp=C;
    dtemp=D;
    unsigned int *strByte=add(source);
    for(unsigned int i=0;i<strlength/16;i++)
    {
        unsigned int num[16];
        for(unsigned int j=0;j<16;j++)
            num[j]=strByte[i*16+j];
        mainLoop(num);
    }
    return changeHex(atemp).append(changeHex(btemp)).append(changeHex(ctemp)).append(changeHex(dtemp));
}
int main()
{
    string ss;
    cin>>ss;
    string s=getMD5(ss);
    cout<<s;
    return 0;
}

JAVA实现:

public class MD5{
    /*
    *四个链接变量
    */
    private final int A=0x67452301;
    private final int B=0xefcdab89;
    private final int C=0x98badcfe;
    private final int D=0x10325476;
    /*
    *ABCD的临时变量
    */
    private int Atemp,Btemp,Ctemp,Dtemp;
     
    /*
    *常量ti
    *公式:floor(abs(sin(i+1))×(2pow32)
    */
    private final int K[]={
        0xd76aa478,0xe8c7b756,0x242070db,0xc1bdceee,
        0xf57c0faf,0x4787c62a,0xa8304613,0xfd469501,0x698098d8,
        0x8b44f7af,0xffff5bb1,0x895cd7be,0x6b901122,0xfd987193,
        0xa679438e,0x49b40821,0xf61e2562,0xc040b340,0x265e5a51,
        0xe9b6c7aa,0xd62f105d,0x02441453,0xd8a1e681,0xe7d3fbc8,
        0x21e1cde6,0xc33707d6,0xf4d50d87,0x455a14ed,0xa9e3e905,
        0xfcefa3f8,0x676f02d9,0x8d2a4c8a,0xfffa3942,0x8771f681,
        0x6d9d6122,0xfde5380c,0xa4beea44,0x4bdecfa9,0xf6bb4b60,
        0xbebfbc70,0x289b7ec6,0xeaa127fa,0xd4ef3085,0x04881d05,
        0xd9d4d039,0xe6db99e5,0x1fa27cf8,0xc4ac5665,0xf4292244,
        0x432aff97,0xab9423a7,0xfc93a039,0x655b59c3,0x8f0ccc92,
        0xffeff47d,0x85845dd1,0x6fa87e4f,0xfe2ce6e0,0xa3014314,
        0x4e0811a1,0xf7537e82,0xbd3af235,0x2ad7d2bb,0xeb86d391};
    /*
    *向左位移数,计算方法未知
    */
    private final int s[]={7,12,17,22,7,12,17,22,7,12,17,22,7,
        12,17,22,5,9,14,20,5,9,14,20,5,9,14,20,5,9,14,20,
        4,11,16,23,4,11,16,23,4,11,16,23,4,11,16,23,6,10,
        15,21,6,10,15,21,6,10,15,21,6,10,15,21};
     
     
    /*
    *初始化函数
    */
    private void init(){
        Atemp=A;
        Btemp=B;
        Ctemp=C;
        Dtemp=D;
    }
    /*
    *移动一定位数
    */
    private    int    shift(int a,int s){
        return(a<<s)|(a>>>(32-s));//右移的时候,高位一定要补零,而不是补充符号位
    }
    /*
    *主循环
    */
    private void MainLoop(int M[]){
        int F,g;
        int a=Atemp;
        int b=Btemp;
        int c=Ctemp;
        int d=Dtemp;
        for(int i = 0; i < 64; i ++){
            if(i<16){
                F=(b&c)|((~b)&d);
                g=i;
            }else if(i<32){
                F=(d&b)|((~d)&c);
                g=(5*i+1)%16;
            }else if(i<48){
                F=b^c^d;
                g=(3*i+5)%16;
            }else{
                F=c^(b|(~d));
                g=(7*i)%16;
            }
            int tmp=d;
            d=c;
            c=b;
            b=b+shift(a+F+K[i]+M[g],s[i]);
            a=tmp;
        }
        Atemp=a+Atemp;
        Btemp=b+Btemp;
        Ctemp=c+Ctemp;
        Dtemp=d+Dtemp;
     
    }
    /*
    *填充函数
    *处理后应满足bits≡448(mod512),字节就是bytes≡56(mode64)
    *填充方式为先加一个0,其它位补零
    *最后加上64位的原来长度
    */
    private int[] add(String str){
        int num=((str.length()+8)/64)+1;//以512位,64个字节为一组
        int strByte[]=new int[num*16];//64/4=16,所以有16个整数
        for(int i=0;i<num*16;i++){//全部初始化0
            strByte[i]=0;
        }
        int    i;
        for(i=0;i<str.length();i++){
            strByte[i>>2]|=str.charAt(i)<<((i%4)*8);//一个整数存储四个字节,小端序
        }
        strByte[i>>2]|=0x80<<((i%4)*8);//尾部添加1
        /*
        *添加原长度,长度指位的长度,所以要乘8,然后是小端序,所以放在倒数第二个,这里长度只用了32位
        */
        strByte[num*16-2]=str.length()*8;
            return strByte;
    }
    /*
    *调用函数
    */
    public String getMD5(String source){
        init();
        int strByte[]=add(source);
        for(int i=0;i<strByte.length/16;i++){
        int num[]=new int[16];
        for(int j=0;j<16;j++){
            num[j]=strByte[i*16+j];
        }
        MainLoop(num);
        }
        return changeHex(Atemp)+changeHex(Btemp)+changeHex(Ctemp)+changeHex(Dtemp);
     
    }
    /*
    *整数变成16进制字符串
    */
    private String changeHex(int a){
        String str="";
        for(int i=0;i<4;i++){
            str+=String.format("%2s", Integer.toHexString(((a>>i*8)%(1<<8))&0xff)).replace(' ', '0');
 
        }
        return str;
    }
    /*
    *单例
    */
    private static MD5 instance;
    public static MD5 getInstance(){
        if(instance==null){
            instance=new MD5();
        }
        return instance;
    }
     
    private MD5(){};
     
    public static void main(String[] args){
        String str=MD5.getInstance().getMD5("");
        System.out.println(str);
    }
}

JS实现:

function md5(string) {
    function md5_RotateLeft(lValue, iShiftBits) {
        return (lValue << iShiftBits) | (lValue >>> (32 - iShiftBits));
    }
    function md5_AddUnsigned(lX, lY) {
        var lX4, lY4, lX8, lY8, lResult;
        lX8 = (lX & 0x80000000);
        lY8 = (lY & 0x80000000);
        lX4 = (lX & 0x40000000);
        lY4 = (lY & 0x40000000);
        lResult = (lX & 0x3FFFFFFF) + (lY & 0x3FFFFFFF);
        if (lX4 & lY4) {
            return (lResult ^ 0x80000000 ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
        }
        if (lX4 | lY4) {
            if (lResult & 0x40000000) {
                return (lResult ^ 0xC0000000 ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
            } else {
                return (lResult ^ 0x40000000 ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
            }
        } else {
            return (lResult ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
        }
    }
    function md5_F(x, y, z) {
        return (x & y) | ((~x) & z);
    }
    function md5_G(x, y, z) {
        return (x & z) | (y & (~z));
    }
    function md5_H(x, y, z) {
        return (x ^ y ^ z);
    }
    function md5_I(x, y, z) {
        return (y ^ (x | (~z)));
    }
    function md5_FF(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {
        a = md5_AddUnsigned(a, md5_AddUnsigned(md5_AddUnsigned(md5_F(b, c, d), x), ac));
        return md5_AddUnsigned(md5_RotateLeft(a, s), b);
    };
    function md5_GG(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {
        a = md5_AddUnsigned(a, md5_AddUnsigned(md5_AddUnsigned(md5_G(b, c, d), x), ac));
        return md5_AddUnsigned(md5_RotateLeft(a, s), b);
    };
    function md5_HH(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {
        a = md5_AddUnsigned(a, md5_AddUnsigned(md5_AddUnsigned(md5_H(b, c, d), x), ac));
        return md5_AddUnsigned(md5_RotateLeft(a, s), b);
    };
    function md5_II(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {
        a = md5_AddUnsigned(a, md5_AddUnsigned(md5_AddUnsigned(md5_I(b, c, d), x), ac));
        return md5_AddUnsigned(md5_RotateLeft(a, s), b);
    };
    function md5_ConvertToWordArray(string) {
        var lWordCount;
        var lMessageLength = string.length;
        var lNumberOfWords_temp1 = lMessageLength + 8;
        var lNumberOfWords_temp2 = (lNumberOfWords_temp1 - (lNumberOfWords_temp1 % 64)) / 64;
        var lNumberOfWords = (lNumberOfWords_temp2 + 1) * 16;
        var lWordArray = Array(lNumberOfWords - 1);
        var lBytePosition = 0;
        var lByteCount = 0;
        while (lByteCount < lMessageLength) {
            lWordCount = (lByteCount - (lByteCount % 4)) / 4;
            lBytePosition = (lByteCount % 4) * 8;
            lWordArray[lWordCount] = (lWordArray[lWordCount] | (string.charCodeAt(lByteCount) << lBytePosition));
            lByteCount++;
        }
        lWordCount = (lByteCount - (lByteCount % 4)) / 4;
        lBytePosition = (lByteCount % 4) * 8;
        lWordArray[lWordCount] = lWordArray[lWordCount] | (0x80 << lBytePosition);
        lWordArray[lNumberOfWords - 2] = lMessageLength << 3;
        lWordArray[lNumberOfWords - 1] = lMessageLength >>> 29;
        return lWordArray;
    };
    function md5_WordToHex(lValue) {
        var WordToHexValue = "",
        WordToHexValue_temp = "",
        lByte, lCount;
        for (lCount = 0; lCount <= 3; lCount++) {
            lByte = (lValue >>> (lCount * 8)) & 255;
            WordToHexValue_temp = "0" + lByte.toString(16);
            WordToHexValue = WordToHexValue + WordToHexValue_temp.substr(WordToHexValue_temp.length - 2, 2);
        }
        return WordToHexValue;
    };
    function md5_Utf8Encode(string) {
        string = string.replace(/\r\n/g, "\n");
        var utftext = "";
        for (var n = 0; n < string.length; n++) {
            var c = string.charCodeAt(n);
            if (c < 128) {
                utftext += String.fromCharCode(c);
            } else if ((c > 127) && (c < 2048)) {
                utftext += String.fromCharCode((c >> 6) | 192);
                utftext += String.fromCharCode((c & 63) | 128);
            } else {
                utftext += String.fromCharCode((c >> 12) | 224);
                utftext += String.fromCharCode(((c >> 6) & 63) | 128);
                utftext += String.fromCharCode((c & 63) | 128);
            }
        }
        return utftext;
    };
    var x = Array();
    var k, AA, BB, CC, DD, a, b, c, d;
    var S11 = 7,
    S12 = 12,
    S13 = 17,
    S14 = 22;
    var S21 = 5,
    S22 = 9,
    S23 = 14,
    S24 = 20;
    var S31 = 4,
    S32 = 11,
    S33 = 16,
    S34 = 23;
    var S41 = 6,
    S42 = 10,
    S43 = 15,
    S44 = 21;
    string = md5_Utf8Encode(string);
    x = md5_ConvertToWordArray(string);
    a = 0x67452301;
    b = 0xEFCDAB89;
    c = 0x98BADCFE;
    d = 0x10325476;
    for (k = 0; k < x.length; k += 16) {
        AA = a;
        BB = b;
        CC = c;
        DD = d;
        a = md5_FF(a, b, c, d, x[k + 0], S11, 0xD76AA478);
        d = md5_FF(d, a, b, c, x[k + 1], S12, 0xE8C7B756);
        c = md5_FF(c, d, a, b, x[k + 2], S13, 0x242070DB);
        b = md5_FF(b, c, d, a, x[k + 3], S14, 0xC1BDCEEE);
        a = md5_FF(a, b, c, d, x[k + 4], S11, 0xF57C0FAF);
        d = md5_FF(d, a, b, c, x[k + 5], S12, 0x4787C62A);
        c = md5_FF(c, d, a, b, x[k + 6], S13, 0xA8304613);
        b = md5_FF(b, c, d, a, x[k + 7], S14, 0xFD469501);
        a = md5_FF(a, b, c, d, x[k + 8], S11, 0x698098D8);
        d = md5_FF(d, a, b, c, x[k + 9], S12, 0x8B44F7AF);
        c = md5_FF(c, d, a, b, x[k + 10], S13, 0xFFFF5BB1);
        b = md5_FF(b, c, d, a, x[k + 11], S14, 0x895CD7BE);
        a = md5_FF(a, b, c, d, x[k + 12], S11, 0x6B901122);
        d = md5_FF(d, a, b, c, x[k + 13], S12, 0xFD987193);
        c = md5_FF(c, d, a, b, x[k + 14], S13, 0xA679438E);
        b = md5_FF(b, c, d, a, x[k + 15], S14, 0x49B40821);
        a = md5_GG(a, b, c, d, x[k + 1], S21, 0xF61E2562);
        d = md5_GG(d, a, b, c, x[k + 6], S22, 0xC040B340);
        c = md5_GG(c, d, a, b, x[k + 11], S23, 0x265E5A51);
        b = md5_GG(b, c, d, a, x[k + 0], S24, 0xE9B6C7AA);
        a = md5_GG(a, b, c, d, x[k + 5], S21, 0xD62F105D);
        d = md5_GG(d, a, b, c, x[k + 10], S22, 0x2441453);
        c = md5_GG(c, d, a, b, x[k + 15], S23, 0xD8A1E681);
        b = md5_GG(b, c, d, a, x[k + 4], S24, 0xE7D3FBC8);
        a = md5_GG(a, b, c, d, x[k + 9], S21, 0x21E1CDE6);
        d = md5_GG(d, a, b, c, x[k + 14], S22, 0xC33707D6);
        c = md5_GG(c, d, a, b, x[k + 3], S23, 0xF4D50D87);
        b = md5_GG(b, c, d, a, x[k + 8], S24, 0x455A14ED);
        a = md5_GG(a, b, c, d, x[k + 13], S21, 0xA9E3E905);
        d = md5_GG(d, a, b, c, x[k + 2], S22, 0xFCEFA3F8);
        c = md5_GG(c, d, a, b, x[k + 7], S23, 0x676F02D9);
        b = md5_GG(b, c, d, a, x[k + 12], S24, 0x8D2A4C8A);
        a = md5_HH(a, b, c, d, x[k + 5], S31, 0xFFFA3942);
        d = md5_HH(d, a, b, c, x[k + 8], S32, 0x8771F681);
        c = md5_HH(c, d, a, b, x[k + 11], S33, 0x6D9D6122);
        b = md5_HH(b, c, d, a, x[k + 14], S34, 0xFDE5380C);
        a = md5_HH(a, b, c, d, x[k + 1], S31, 0xA4BEEA44);
        d = md5_HH(d, a, b, c, x[k + 4], S32, 0x4BDECFA9);
        c = md5_HH(c, d, a, b, x[k + 7], S33, 0xF6BB4B60);
        b = md5_HH(b, c, d, a, x[k + 10], S34, 0xBEBFBC70);
        a = md5_HH(a, b, c, d, x[k + 13], S31, 0x289B7EC6);
        d = md5_HH(d, a, b, c, x[k + 0], S32, 0xEAA127FA);
        c = md5_HH(c, d, a, b, x[k + 3], S33, 0xD4EF3085);
        b = md5_HH(b, c, d, a, x[k + 6], S34, 0x4881D05);
        a = md5_HH(a, b, c, d, x[k + 9], S31, 0xD9D4D039);
        d = md5_HH(d, a, b, c, x[k + 12], S32, 0xE6DB99E5);
        c = md5_HH(c, d, a, b, x[k + 15], S33, 0x1FA27CF8);
        b = md5_HH(b, c, d, a, x[k + 2], S34, 0xC4AC5665);
        a = md5_II(a, b, c, d, x[k + 0], S41, 0xF4292244);
        d = md5_II(d, a, b, c, x[k + 7], S42, 0x432AFF97);
        c = md5_II(c, d, a, b, x[k + 14], S43, 0xAB9423A7);
        b = md5_II(b, c, d, a, x[k + 5], S44, 0xFC93A039);
        a = md5_II(a, b, c, d, x[k + 12], S41, 0x655B59C3);
        d = md5_II(d, a, b, c, x[k + 3], S42, 0x8F0CCC92);
        c = md5_II(c, d, a, b, x[k + 10], S43, 0xFFEFF47D);
        b = md5_II(b, c, d, a, x[k + 1], S44, 0x85845DD1);
        a = md5_II(a, b, c, d, x[k + 8], S41, 0x6FA87E4F);
        d = md5_II(d, a, b, c, x[k + 15], S42, 0xFE2CE6E0);
        c = md5_II(c, d, a, b, x[k + 6], S43, 0xA3014314);
        b = md5_II(b, c, d, a, x[k + 13], S44, 0x4E0811A1);
        a = md5_II(a, b, c, d, x[k + 4], S41, 0xF7537E82);
        d = md5_II(d, a, b, c, x[k + 11], S42, 0xBD3AF235);
        c = md5_II(c, d, a, b, x[k + 2], S43, 0x2AD7D2BB);
        b = md5_II(b, c, d, a, x[k + 9], S44, 0xEB86D391);
        a = md5_AddUnsigned(a, AA);
        b = md5_AddUnsigned(b, BB);
        c = md5_AddUnsigned(c, CC);
        d = md5_AddUnsigned(d, DD);
    }
    return (md5_WordToHex(a) + md5_WordToHex(b) + md5_WordToHex(c) + md5_WordToHex(d)).toLowerCase();
}

评论

  1. Windows Chrome 104.0.0.0
    1月前
    2022-8-19 11:49:35

    感谢分享,赞一个

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